Homeopathy and evidence-based medicine
In order to carry out scientific research, and keep up with the standards of evidence-based medicine, homeopathy has had to use a scientific model designed for conventional medicine, despite the fundamental differences between these systems.
- Avogadro’s number. 6.022137 X 10 23 mol-1. Refers to the number of atoms or molecules present in a unit mole of a substance.
- High dilutions. In homeopathy, the term refers to dilution levels beyond Avogadro’s number.
- Clinical trial. A research study that aims to evaluate the effectiveness of a therapeutic intervention.
- Homeopathic Material Medica. A book that contains a compilation of the knowledge about curative properties of homeopathic medicines.
- Homeopathic repertory. A book that contains an index of symptoms with corresponding homeopathic medicines (from the material medica) with the medicinal effect for each symptom.
- Meta-analysis: Involves rigorous statistical analysis that integrates results obtained from a large collection of studies; all of which attempt to address the same research question.
- Objective. Refers to what can be seen, touched, or described, because it is factual.
- Phase 1 trial. Tests that aim to explore the safety and pharmacological properties of a new medicine/treatment in a small group of study subjects.
- Placebo effect. A physiological improvement that may be observed, measured, or felt as a result of personal beliefs and preconceptions of the mind, rather than the treatment.
- Potency. The strength of a homeopathic medicine. The potency is shown after the medicine name, by a number that indicates the repetition of dilution and succussion and a Roman numeral. X refers to the decimal dilution, C to the centesimal dilution, M to the millesimal dilution.
- Provings / Homeopathic drug proving trials (HDP) / homeopathic pathogenic trials.These trials find clinical indications according to the laws of homeopathy.
- Qualitative methods. In these methods, the reasoning goes from the specific to the general, and is subjective. The questions are open-ended, and the analyses use narrative descriptions and comparisons.
- Quantitative methods. In these methods, the reasoning goes from the general to the specific, and is objective. The questions are specific and the analyses use numbers and statistics.
- Systematic review: An examination of scientific literature that aims to identify, select and summarize high quality publications, in order to answer a specific research question.
- Scientific method. A method that involves observation of phenomena, enunciation of hypotheses about the phenomena, experimentation to test the hypotheses, analyses of the results and formulation of conclusions that accept or deny the hypotheses.
- Subject. A person who participates in a scientific experiment as one being experimented upon (taking a medicine/placebo pill, undergoing a procedure, etc.)
- Subjective. Refers to the unique experience of an individual.
Author: Clara Amaya, PhD, earned her M.Sc. degree in microbiology at the University of “Los Andes” in her home country, Colombia, in 1986. She then worked as an investigator at an industrial research laboratory, went to France and Germany to get trained in biotechnology, and, as an assistant professor, taught biotechnology and microbiology at the university level.
Fuente: Extraordinary Medicine